Ordovician Pogonophora from Poland
Pogonophores are a relatively poorly known group of marine worm-like invertebrates, related to
annelids (Annelida). Their living tubes are the elements with the greatest chances of preservation in the
fossil state. Biochemical studies on Recent pogonophores showed that a chitin-protein complex is the
basic structural component of these tubes.
 The morphology of tubes is of importance for the taxonomy of Pogonophora. Features such as
length, diameter and ornamentation of the tubes and their differentiation into sections are helpful in
identification of species and genera, whereas they appear insufficient as criteria for families and orders.
Therefore, I consider that all the fossil pogonophores should be treated as forms of
incertae ordinis et
In working on fossil pogonophores one should bear  in mind possibility of essential
differences between individual section of a given tube. The situation is addtionally complicated by the
fact that all the fossil tubes hitherto described are known only on the basis of fragments. The case of
the Recent Pogonophora is not dissimilar because the material coming from seas is usually crushed.
Ivanovites infundibulatus Kozłowski, 1967
Sokolovites pogonophoroides Kozłowski, 1967
Beklemishevites grandis Mierzejewski, 1986
List of pogonophores known from the Ordovician of Poland:
Kozłowski, R. 1967. Sur certains fossiles ordoviciens a test organique.- Acta Palaeontologia Polonica 12, 2, 99-132.
Mierzejewski, P. 1986. Ultrastructure, taxonomy and affinities of some Ordovician and Silurian organic microfossils. -
Palaeontologia Polonica 47, 129-220.
    Toothed bristles of Pogonophora were not hitherto described in the fossil state and this may represent an example of selective
fossilization. It is worthy of note that an enigmatic microfossil decribed as a probable gastropod radula from the Cretaceous of
France by Taugourdeau (1976) resembles closely the bristles of Pogonophora.
                                                                                             Graptolite  Net >>                     Graptolites & Graptoliters >>                   Feedback >>